In the past, cavities could only be treated with unsightly metal fillings that are alloys for silver and mercury. These fillings, especially when close to the front of the mouth, are highly noticeable and unaesthetic. Sometimes the filling is so large that it causes discoloration of the entire tooth. These fillings (or restorations) often weaken teeth due to the large amount of the original tooth that has to be removed. There is a risk of Mercury poisoning that is used in the filling. Modern dentistry has increasingly turned to tooth colored or composite fillings as a strong, safe and more natural looking alternative. Composite fillings utilize a soft white plastic substance that is hardened with a blue light.
(ROOT CANAL TREATMENT)
This procedure treats the root canal system. When decay extends to the pulp or the nerve inside the tooth, the person almost always experiences spontaneous throbbing pain especially at night or when eating cold and sweet foods. The Dentist treats the pain and pressure symptoms by treating the root canal system which houses the tooth nerve or pulp to relieve the pain and pressure.
Treatment begins with anesthesia. The tooth nerve is accessed by drilling into the tooth, the infected nerve is removed, canals are cleaned and filled with a bio-inert material. To protect the tooth from fracture your dentist will add a crown.
Complete dentures replace full sets of teeth from upper and lower jaws of the dentition. They can aid in chewing and biting functions. Dentures can be directly fixed over gums or can be supported by implants. Complete dentures are one of the oldest methods of replacing lost teeth. There are two types of complete dentures, namely conventional and immediate dentures. With immediate dentures dentists can restore teeth in just one visit. The conventional type of dentures have a healing period of a few weeks during which the gums shrink. The patient should visit the dentist the second time to get his dentures adjusted after the gums shrink
REMOVABLE PARTIAL DENTURES
Partial dentures are used to replace a few missing teeth in a row. This type of denture is preferred when there are some healthy teeth left in the dentition. Partials have clasps or other forms of connectors which are used to keep them fixed over the gums. They can be supported by natural teeth. Sometimes dental crowns may be needed to improve the fit of partial dentures with natural teeth. Partial dentures are removable and may cause some discomfort to patients initially. Over a longer term, partial dentures can be a wonderful teeth restoration. It is important to take proper care of oral hygiene when living with dentures to avoid dental infection.
Implant-supported Dentures serve the same function as Complete Dentures, except they are anchored into the jaw-bone using dental implants. These types of dentures create the most stabilized function for dentures out of any of the types we offer.
Implant-supported Dentures can be used on both the top and bottom jaw but are especially common on the bottom jaw where the most instability can occur when chewing. When looking for a long-term denture solution, your doctor may recommend these.
BRIDGES: Few incidents have greater impact on dental health and personal appearance than tooth loss. When one or more teeth are missing, the remaining teeth can drift out of position, which can lead to a change in the bite, the loss of additional teeth, decay and gum disease. When tooth loss occurs, your dentist may recommend the placement of a bridge. A bridge is one or more replacement teeth anchored by one or more crowns on each side.
When a tooth is lost, the specialized bony process that houses the tooth begins to reabsorb due to lack of stimulation. This causes a decrease in width and height of the bone in the area the tooth is lost. Neighboring teeth and opposing teeth begin to move into the space. This causes food lodgement, subsequent decay, gum disease and abnormal forces being transmitted to teeth leading to the fracture of cusps which may necessitate root canal treatment or extraction. Loss of teeth can also cause the cheek and lips to collapse giving an aged look.
Another option to replace missing teeth is a removable partial denture or complete denture depending on the number of teeth missing. The chewing efficiency with a denture is reduced to more than half of that of natural teeth. The teeth that support the partial denture are weakened due to the excessive loads acting on them and eventually are lost. The denture rests on the gum causing tissue abrasion and bone loss. Removable dentures may slip or cause embarrassing clicking sounds while eating or speaking.
Studies show that within five to seven years there is a failure rate of up to 30% in teeth located next to a fixed bridge or removable partial denture.